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Marshal Michel Ney, duc d’Elchingen, prince de la Moskova
Oil on canvas
Michel Ney (French pronunciation: [miʃɛl ˈnɛ]), 1st Duc d’Elchingen, 1st Prince de la Moskowa (10 January 1769 – 7 December 1815), popularly known as Marshal Ney, was a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was one of the original 18 Marshals of France created by Napoleon. He was known as Le Rougeaud (“red faced” or “ruddy”) by his men and nicknamed le Brave des Braves (“the bravest of the brave”) by Napoleon.
Today is Napoleon’s Death Day.
…maybe that’s what it is.
Napoléon Bonaparte: 15 August, 1769 – 5 May, 1821
“Oh, you parliaments of England and you Holy Alliance,
On a prisoner of war, you can now har defiance.
For all your base intrigue, you never could demean him
& you exiled him to die on the isle of Saint Helena.”
- Frank Harte, The Isle of St. Helena
First Consul jacket owned by Napoleon Bonaparte, 1800
“This sumptuously embroidered jacket was given by the city of Lyon to the First Consul in 1800. He wore it on April 18, 1802 at the Te Deum ceremony held at the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris after the signing of the Concordat. Napoleon took it with him to St. Helena. He gave it to the young Hortense Bertrand (daughter of an Empire general) who, when she was older, passed it on to Prince Victor Napoleon, grandson of King Jerome, Napoleon’s youngest brother.”
René Magritte The Future of Statues 1937 TATE Museum
oil on plaster
“This work is made from a commercial plaster reproduction of the death mask of the French Emperor Napoleon. Magritte painted at least five of these casts, each with sky and clouds. Discussing the works, the artist’s friend the Surrealist poet Paul Nougé suggested an association between death, dreams and the depth of the sky. He commented: ‘a patch of sky traversed by clouds and dreams [can] transfigure the very face of death in a totally unexpected way’.”
Bodices of the Empress Eugenie
Doña María Eugenia Ignacia Augustina de Palafox-Portocarrero de Guzmán y Kirkpatrick, 16th Countess of Teba and 15th Marquise of Ardales (5 May 1826 – 11 July 1920), known as Eugénie de Montijo (French pronunciation: [øʒeni də montixo]), was the last Empress consort of the French from 1853 to 1871 as the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French